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CGTN:A look at China’s democracy: What is the essence?

BEIJING, March 19, 2023 /CNW/ — Carrying his fellow villagers’ hopes and expectations, Lengthy Xianwen of the Miao ethnic group, headed to Beijing from his distant village in central China’sHunan Province in early March, to debate social and financial improvement with Chinese language leaders and the almost 3,000 different deputies to China’s nationwide legislature.

As a deputy to the 14th Nationwide Folks’s Congress (NPC), Lengthy introduced his proposal on supporting the event of deep integration of the tea tourism business in Hunan’s Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture.

What distinguishes Chinese language democracy from the West’s largely cash politics and power-for-money offers is its essence — that the Chinese language persons are the masters of the nation.

Chinese language President Xi Jinping has stated that whether or not a rustic is democratic is dependent upon whether or not its persons are really the masters of the nation; whether or not the individuals have the proper to vote, and extra importantly, the proper to take part extensively.

The composition of deputies to individuals’s congresses gives perception into why China’s whole-process individuals’s democracy ensures individuals’s standing because the nation’s masters.

Intensive and common

In China, there are 5 ranges of individuals’s congresses – township, county, metropolis, provincial and nationwide ranges. Until now, 2.77 million individuals have served as deputies to individuals’s congresses in any respect ranges nationwide.

Amongst them, these at county and township ranges accounted for 95 p.c of the overall, who’re elected instantly by individuals of their districts. The higher three ranges of deputies are elected by their lower-level deputies.

Within the newest election, greater than 2.6 million new deputies have been elected to individuals’s congresses in townships and county-level areas, following the conclusion of native elections in final June.

In response to statistics, 921 million voters, accounting for 86.49 p.c of registered voters, forged their votes within the election of deputies to the county-level individuals’s congress. In the meantime, 623 million voters, accounting for 85.63 p.c of registered voters, voted within the election of deputies to the township-level individuals’s congresses.

Because the initiation of reform and opening-up, China has held 12 direct elections to individuals’s congresses on the township stage and 11 direct elections to these on the county stage.

Making full use of their shut connections with the individuals, these deputies diligently fulfill their duties by soliciting and submitting individuals’s recommendations and recommendation by varied varieties and channels.

Full representatives of the individuals

The annual individuals’s congresses are first held from the grassroots stage, up at township, county, metropolis, and provincial ranges after which on the highest nationwide stage, to take full cognizance of the individuals’s aspirations and report them to higher ranges.

The deputies to the 14th NPC, elected from 35 electoral items throughout the nation, make up a broad cross-section of individuals, with each area, ethnic group and sector of society having an acceptable variety of representatives.

In response to the 14th NPC Standing Committee, among the many complete 2,977 deputies, 442 are from ethnic minorities, representing all of China’s 55 ethnic minority teams.

The lineup contains 790 feminine deputies, accounting for 26.54 p.c of the overall, up 1.64 proportion factors from the thirteenth NPC.

A complete of 497 deputies are staff and farmers. Their share has grown by almost one proportion level to 16.69 p.c of complete deputies.

Technical personnel, altogether 634 in quantity, make up 21.3 p.c of all deputies, with a 0.73-percentage-point improve from the earlier NPC.

A complete of 969 deputies are the Communist Get together of China and authorities officers, whose share has dropped by 1.38 proportion factors to 32.55 p.c.

There are additionally 36 deputies elected from the Hong Kong Particular Administrative Area (SAR) and 12 from the Macao SAR. 13 deputies representing Taiwan Province additionally sit on the nationwide legislature. Forty-two deputies symbolize abroad Chinese language who’ve returned to the motherland.

Representing the individuals’s will, the NPC deputies have mentioned plans for nationwide improvement and points affecting individuals’s lives, and put the individuals’s expectations on the prime of the agenda on state issues. Lots of their motions and proposals have been fastidiously reviewed on the annual NPC session after which included into coverage selections of state organs.



For additional info: Simin Jiang, +86-18826553286,

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